Molodnews.info – The Negative Effects of Science and Technology on Human Health and Well-being Science and technology developments are also used by scientists to undertake human experiments on animals.
Such studies are damaging to human beings because they have the potential to have negative consequences for the growth and development of those who are being studied.
In spite of the fact that some forms of technology may have brought about positive improvements in the world, there is evidence to suggest that technology and its overuse can have bad consequences as well.
In addition to psychological and physical concerns, such as eyestrain and difficulty concentrating on vital activities, social media and mobile devices can cause physical issues.
They may also have a role in the development of more serious medical problems such as depression.
In developing adolescents and teenagers, excessive use of technology may have a more profound influence than it does on adults.
Learn about the psychological and physical health implications of technology in this article, as well as how to develop healthy technology habits and prevent overusing technology.
Overuse or dependence on technology can have negative psychological consequences, such as the following:
Despite the fact that technologies such as social media are intended to bring people together, they may have the opposite impact in some instances.
According to a 2017 study conducted among young individuals aged 19–32 years, people who used social media more frequently were more than three times as likely to feel socially isolated as those who did not use social media as frequently as they were.
Individuals who are experiencing feelings of isolation may benefit from finding measures to restrict their social media usage, such as by setting time limits for social media apps.
Depression and Anxiety Are Two Different Things
According to the authors of a systematic review published in 2016,
The relationship between social media and mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety was examined on Trusted Source.
It was a mixed bag of results that came out of their research. When people use these platforms, they tend to have more positive interactions and receive more social support, which is related with reduced levels of sadness and anxiety.
The converse, on the other hand, was also true. People who believed they had more unfavourable social interactions online and who were more prone to social comparison reported higher levels of despair and anxiety than those who did not believe they did.
As a result, while there appears to be a correlation between social media and mental health, the types of interactions people believe they are having on these platforms appear to be a significant determining factor.
Effects on One’s Physical Health
The use of technology may also raise the likelihood of developing physical problems, such as:
Using technologies such as handheld tablets, cellphones, and computers, a person’s concentration can be maintained for extended periods of time. As a result, your eyes may become fatigued.
In addition to blurred vision and dry eyes, digital eyestrain can cause headaches. It is possible that eyestrain will result in pain in other parts of the body, such as the head, neck, or shoulders.
Technical factors that can contribute to eye strain include the following:
- This includes time spent staring at a computer monitor.
- glare on the screen
- Adjust the brightness of the screen
- Excessive proximity to and distance from the activity
- Bad sitting posture is one of the most common problems.
- Fundamental problems with vision
Consistently taking pauses away from one’s computer screen may lessen the likelihood of developing eyestrain.
Anyone who experiences these symptoms on a regular basis should visit an optometrist for an exam.
When it comes to digital watching, the 20-20-20 rule applies.
The 20-20-20 guideline should be followed when looking at any type of digital screen for extended periods of time, according to the American Optometric Association.
To use the rule, take a 20-second break after every 20 minutes of screen usage to stare at anything that is at least 20 feet away from your screen.
This may assist to alleviate the strain placed on the eyes as a result of staring at a screen for an extended period of time.
Adopting a Slouched Position
The way many people use their mobile devices and laptop computers may also have an impact on their ability to maintain proper posture. Over time, this may lead to the development of musculoskeletal issues in the body.
Many technologies urge users to adopt a “down and forward” posture, in which they are leaned forward and their gaze is concentrated on the computer screen, in order to maximise productivity. A significant amount of pressure might be imposed on the neck and spine as a result of this in some circumstances.
In a study published in the journal Applied Ergonomics, researchers observed a link between texting on a mobile phone and neck or upper back pain in young adults over a five-year period.
The findings found that the majority of the negative consequences were short-lived, but that some people continued to endure long-term difficulties as a result of the incident.
Some study, on the other hand, calls into question the validity of these conclusions.
According to a Survey Conducted in 2018
Several studies, including one published in the European Spine Journal, have found that the posture of the neck when texting makes no difference in the severity of symptoms such as neck pain.
In this study, the researchers discovered that young adults’ use of texting and “text neck” did not have an adverse effect on their neck pain. A long-term follow-up study, on the other hand, was not included in this research.
Perhaps there are additional elements that influence neck discomfort, such as one’s age and the quantity of physical activity that one participates in.
In the event that you employ technology to fix your posture difficulties, you may notice an overall improvement in your posture, as well as an increase in overall strength in your abdominals, neck, and back.
Regularly standing or stretching can help those who find themselves in the same position for extended amounts of time, such as those who work at a desk for long periods of time, relieve strain on their bodies.
Aside from that, taking little breaks, such as walking around the office every hour, can help to keep muscles relaxed, which can help to avoid tension and poor posture from piling up over time.
Sleep Issues Are a Common Occurrence
It’s likely that utilising technology too close to bedtime will result in sleep troubles for the individual involved. That’s because blue light, such as that emitted by mobile devices such as cell phones and e-readers, as well as by laptops and desktop computers, stimulates the brain, causing it to work harder.
The authors of a 2014 study revealed that this blue light is sufficient to cause the body’s natural circadian rhythm to be disrupted. This disruption may make it more difficult to fall asleep or cause a person to feel less attentive the following day as a result of the disturbance.
To avoid the potential detrimental effects that blue light may have on the brain, it is recommended that people refrain from using electronic devices that emit blue light in the hour or two before bedtime.
Mild activities to wind down with, such as reading a book, doing soft stretches, or having a bath, are recommended as an alternative.
The Amount of Physical Exercise Has Been Decreased
The vast majority of digital gadgets that are utilised on a daily basis are sedentary. It has been demonstrated that increased use of this technology encourages a more sedentary lifestyle. This has been linked to a variety of health problems, including but not limited to the following:
- Obesity is a serious issue.
- Cardiovascular illness is a serious condition that requires immediate attention.
- Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body produces too much insulin (T2D)
- Passing away before one’s time.
Discovering techniques to take breaks from sedentary technology may prove beneficial in the development of a more active lifestyle.
However, There Are Some Types of Technology That May Be Advantageous
Research published in 2017 Trusted Source found that active technologies such as app notifications, emails, and wearable devices that encourage exercise can help to reduce short-term inactive behaviour at work. Active technologies such as these can help to reduce short-term inactive behaviour at work.
This could assist people in forming healthy habits and raising their physical activity levels, which would be beneficial for them.
When it comes to children, there is no such thing as a free lunch.
In part due to the developmental stage at which children’s brains are still in, it is possible that they are more vulnerable to the effects of technology and its usage than adult brains.
A 2018 review of multiple studies found that children who use a variety of devices, including smartphones and tablets, may be at risk of harmful repercussions.
It is possible that children who misuse technology will be more prone to have problems such as those listed below:
- a mediocre record in the classroom
- a failing to pay attention to details
- a deficiency in inventiveness
- Delays in the acquisition of language skills
- Delays in social and emotional development, as well as other developmental delays
- Physical inactivity and obesity are two of the most serious issues.
- a deficiency in quality sleep
In addition to social problems like as incompatibility with others and social anxiety,
- arousal of aggressive inclinations in the individual
- a reliance on technology advancements of this nature
An Increased Body Mass Index (Bmi)
Additionally, the findings of the study highlighted the importance of educating children on how to interact with these devices in a healthy manner by monitoring their time spent with them and providing them with engaging alternatives to their screen time.
Individuals who demonstrated high levels of digital media use, according to a study done by Trusted Source among teenagers aged 15–16, had a larger probability of developing symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder than those who did not (ADHD).
While this does not necessarily mean that digital media consumption contributes to ADHD, it does imply that there is a relationship between the two conditions. In order to determine the importance of this connection, additional research is required.
The Researchers Who Carried Out the 2015 Study Are Listed Below
An investigation by Trusted Source found that technology appears to have a negative impact on the general health of children and teens of all ages, particularly those under the age of 18. Parental and caregiver control over screen usage in all children, regardless of age, was emphasised by the researchers as being critical for all children.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children under the age of 18 months avoid all screen time, and that children between the ages of 2 and 5 years old watch no more than 1 hour per day of high-quality television with an adult, according to the organisation.