Molodnews.info – 6 Smart City Technology-Enabled Services Smart cities are interconnected cities that use Internet of Things sensors, open data collection, and smart streetlights to improve services and communication.
Smart cities aren’t the way of the future anymore. They’re here now, and they’re only getting bigger as the Internet of Things (IoT) expands and has an impact on municipal services all over the world.
By 2020, the smart city industry is expected to be worth $400 billion, with 600 cities around the world. According to McKinsey research, which was previously published in TechRepublic, these cities are expected to generate 60% of global GDP by 2025.
While there are many definitions of a smart city, in general, a smart city uses IoT sensors, actuators, and technology to connect components throughout the city, and it affects every layer of the city, from the streets to the air that citizens breathe. The collected data is analyzed, and patterns are derived from it.
A smart city relies on a number of key technologies to function. The following are the top six:
1. Energy efficiency
Smart cities have more efficient residential and commercial buildings that use less energy, and the energy used is analyzed and data is collected. As previously reported by TechRepublic, smart grids are an important part of the development of a smart city, and smart streetlights are an easy entry point for many cities because LED lights save money and pay for themselves within a few years.
Lighting may be found in many settings, including places where people work, travel, buy, dine, and unwind. According to Susanne Seitinger, PhD., Philips Lighting professional systems, “digital communications and energy-efficient LED lighting are revolutionizing existing urban lighting infrastructures, transforming them into information pathways with the capacity to collect and share data and offer new insights that enable, and truly drive, the smart city.”
“Behind the massive volumes of data created by linked lighting systems and other IoT devices are valuable insights and information on how people interact with cities.” For instance, consider a streetlight data can suggest a perfect position for a new restaurant in a revived neighborhood.
“Predictive analytics supports cities in sifting and interpreting data into useful and actionable information, making city life better, easier, and more productive,” Seitinger added. With the rise of home solar power systems and electric vehicles, however, hardware and software technology will enable better grid management, power production optimization through various sources, and distributed energy production.
Furthermore, buildings that actively monitor their energy usage and report this information to utilities can save money. As cities become more urbanized, this will lead to lower pollution and much better efficiency,” said Herman Chandi, co-founder of CommunityLogiq.
Smart grids and smart meters are also available. “Smart grid solutions are crucial in the development of smart cities.” Prepaid energy apps and improved metering infrastructure are just a few of the alternatives available to improve energy services. Outage detection, data capture speed, continuing and disaster recovery, field service operations, and overall grid modernization techniques can all be improved with a smart grid, according to Mike Zeto, AT&T Smart Cities has a new general manager and executive director.
2. Transportation that is smart
Multi-modal transportation, smart traffic lights, and smart parking are all supported in a smart city.
“Mobility is one of the major areas where we’ve seen a lot of activity.” “Anything to do with transportation,” Sanjay Khatri, director of product marketing and IoT services at Jasper, stated. traffic management, and parking.” “These are areas where cities see a high rate of return on investment.” It not only lowers the cost of parking enforcement and ensures that fines are collected, but it also reduces congestion.”
People spend less time looking for parking spots and circling city blocks when parking is made smarter. According to Khatri, smart traffic lights have cameras that monitor traffic flow so that it is reflected in the traffic signals.
Even city buses are becoming connected, allowing passengers to receive real-time updates on when a bus will arrive at a bus stop. According to Khatri, traffic lights in Australia are prioritized based on bus schedules so that traffic flows more freely during rush hours.
“It’s using sensors to collect data about people’s movement, all types of vehicles, and bikes,” Chandi explained. A smart city is one in which vehicle traffic is greatly reduced and people and goods can easily move around using various modes of transportation. Intelligent traffic systems are one example, and achieving autonomous vehicle transportation would be a prime example of smart city success, as it would reduce vehicle-related deaths. All of these initiatives would reduce pollution and time spent stuck in traffic, resulting in a healthier population.
3. Data that is intelligent
To be useful, the massive amounts of data collected by a smart city must be analyzed quickly. Some cities have chosen open data portals as a way to publish city data online so that anyone can access it and use predictive analytics to forecast future patterns. Companies like CommunityLogiq work with cities to help them analyze data, and they’re part of San Francisco’s Startup in Residence (STiR) program.
“Technology’s pervasiveness, along with the spread of open data rules, is set to unleash a never-before-seen economic growth engine for urban innovation.” “We’re shifting from evaluating data that already exists within city hall to generating new data from sensors deployed around cities for usage by many agencies and people for multiple purposes,” said John Gordon, chief digital officer at Current, powered by GE.
Even information collected by streetlights can be useful to citizens. “The massive amounts of data created by linked lighting systems and other IoT devices conceal significant insights and information about how residents interact with cities.” Data from streetlights, for example, can reveal the best location for a new restaurant in a revitalized neighborhood. “Predictive analytics helps cities filter through data and turn it into usable knowledge, making city life better, easier, and more productive,” Seitinger explained.
4. Infrastructure that is smart
Cities will be able to plan better with the capabilities of a smart city to evaluate enormous volumes of data. This will allow for proactive maintenance and better demand forecasting in the future. The ability to test for lead content in water in real time when data indicates a problem is developing could help prevent public health problems, according to Chandi.
A smart infrastructure allows a city to advance with other technologies while also allowing it to use the data collected to make meaningful changes in future city plans.
5. Intelligent mobility
If we are to realize the promise of smart cities, we must be able to move seamlessly between many different municipal and private systems. Building a smart city will never be a “completed” project. Regardless of who built it or when it was built, technology must be interoperable and perform as expected. Data must also be unrestricted as it moves between systems, with all intellectual property, security, and privacy concerns taken into account. “For this, state-of-the-art public policy and legal technology is required,” said Tom Blewitt, UL’s director of principal engineers.
6. Internet of Things (IoT) devices that are smart
Finally of 6 technology enabled services in smart cities , IoT devices are one of the key components that connect everything in a smart city.
we will weave the fabric of society closer together while creating severe privacy and security problems for city leaders,” Carl Piva, vice president of strategic initiatives at TM Forum, stated.
According to Scott Allen, CMO of FreeWave Technologies, sensors are critical in a smart city. “According to Allen, “a wide range of reporting devices like as sensors, visibility devices, and other end points provide the data that makes a smart city operate.”
“In a smart city, information will be collected more directly from purposely planted sensors or indirectly from sensors deployed for a different reason but accumulating and exchanging relevant information,” Blewitt added. With this data, complex city systems can be managed in real time, with enough integration to avoid unintended consequences.
As our reliance on sensors grows, so will our need for them to be dependable, and for the systems to which they are connected to be able to withstand the inevitable failures.”
Another component of IoT is beacons, and one of the issues with a smart city is the vast amount of data. It’s easy to feel overwhelmed by a large amount of data. Information received when one is unable to use it is essentially noise, according to Blewitt.
Each of these technologies complements the others in order to make a smart city even smarter. As the world’s population grows and more people move to cities, the demand for smarter cities will rise in order to make the most of limited resources.